EFFIMA - Energy and Life Cycle Cost Efficient Machines

Program manager:  Ismo Vessonen, VTT 

Schedule: 2009-2014
Size: ca. 41 MEUR

Final report:
(Order print version from


EFFIMA’s target is to develop new technology and solutions that enable new machines, devices and systems with dramatically lower life-cycle costs compared to what is the international state-of-the-art today. Life-cycle cost is defined here comprehensively. Energy is one of the key cost components for machines and whole processes. As energy efficiency and energy availability have risen to be clearly the number-one issue for the whole world economy the topic energy is especially emphasized in the program. Environmental and safety aspect needs to be seen also as a cost factor. Either with a direct impact with costs involved in handling the emissions and keeping the machines and processes safe for people or, with indirect hidden costs for the community in case the emissions are not properly treated or safety is neglected leading to human damage. Maintenance related costs of the machines, devices and systems – targeting to maximized availability - are probably the life-cycle costs that are easier to quantify, when estimated from the past performance. The key challenge here is the pre-planned optimization of the maintenance cost and the optimization of the risk and cost of low availability.

The program participants include 40 companies in the engineering industry and their supplier companies as well as 9 top class research institutes in the field. EFFIMA has also several external, both international and national, research and other collaboration partners. The cooperation includes activities like researcher visits and exchange of information and research results.

The program has three work packages, aiming at the following future visions:

WP1: Low energy consumption and environmental emissions
In 2020 the Finnish mobile work machines, process machinery and ships are low emission systems having up to 50% lower energy consumption compared with that in year 2008. Finnish machine industry has achieved a world-wide brand as a forerunner of green, low-emission innovative technology developer and user, and important new business opportunities have been created.

WP2: Technologies for Life Cycle Cost Management
In 2020 components, machines and processes have self-monitoring, diagnosing and repairing functions enabling minimized maintenance life cycle cost. Simulation based life cycle analysis, design, decision-making together with digital format of products are extensively exploited during whole lifetime. Sustainable and profitable life cycle management is a world famous and hard-to-copy brand for Finnish metals, marine and engineering industry companies.

WP3: Efficiency by means of human compatible multi-machine systems
By 2020 Finland is the leading country in producing efficient multi-machine systems which consist of automatic or semi-automatic machines featuring plug-and-play self-powered wireless sensor networks, easily tailorable user interfaces, and technology allowing people with basic work training and automatic/semi-automatic machines to operate in the same space or area.

Immediate and important renewal impact of EFFIMA is the creation of a wide consortium of Finnish machine building companies, universities and research institutes – all working in selected areas of common interest, sharing their existing experience in their own domains, and sharing the new knowhow and IPR to be created during the program. This is the first time that the machine building community organizes in this type of close co-operation.

Creation of new technology, knowhow and applications is a key target in the EFFIMA projects. However, the greatest shorter term potential of the new working model – even with some “low hanging fruits” capacity for short to medium term results – is expected to be in the experience and technologies that the consortium partners already have today. There is untapped potential in identifying concepts, technologies, applications and ways of working that are established already in some of the domains of the Finnish machine building sector. But not applied in other machine building areas. Proven solutions from other domains should enable totally new type of concepts or business models in another industry. Active co-operation in the program and sharing of the results will enable this type of new opportunities – fully in line with the latest principles of Open Innovation.





Program is active: